Training Mental Imagery Skills in Virtual Reality for Elite Athletes


Mental imagery practice is widely used to help athletes prepare for competitions, as it can produce motor actions that enhance performance. The goal of imagery training for athletes is to create realistic images in their minds and to familiarize them with certain procedures, environments, and other aspects related to competition. This project explored how far a virtual reality environment can support athletes in their mental imagery practice when approaching the start gate or when going downhill.


Stephan Lukosch 


Wu Y, Lukosch S, Lukosch H, Lindeman RW, McKee RD, Fukuden S, Ross C and Collins D (2023) Training mental imagery skills of elite athletes in virtual reality. Front. Virtual Real. 4:1189717. doi: 10.3389/frvir.2023.1189717



Stephan Lukosch

Ryan McKee

Shunsuke Fukuden

Misha profile photo

Rob Lindeman

Misha profile photo

Yuanjie Wu

Heide Lukosch